Physical security keeps your facility safe. It is the protection of hardware, software, data, network, and personnel. It also ensures protection from internal threats like fire, flood, natural disasters, etc.
A physical security framework comprises three components: access control, surveillance, and testing. For greater security, each of these components should be implemented, maintained, and improved timely.
The key to maximizing your security is limiting access to your site, facility, and materials. Access control is the measure you take to limit the exposure of your assets to authorized personnel only. It includes physical security measures like keypads, ID badges, biometric readers, security guards, etc. All these measures vary in approach and cost.
Other measures include barriers like fences and walls, which can help fight against environmental disasters such as floods, mudslides, etc. These risks are usually location-dependent.
The surveillance component helps in both the prevention and post-incident recovery phase. This includes patrol guards, notification systems, and heat sensors.
However, the most commonly used surveillance measure is closed-circuit television cameras (CCTV). They can record activities from multiple areas at the same time. With the help of CCTV cameras, you can capture criminal behavior and prevent it.
You should test how well you can respond to threats. Check whether the implemented measure is effective or not. To minimize the likelihood of errors, you should test your security measures and plan on a regular basis.
Physical security is crucial for every facility. Without knowing its main components, one may find getting started quite complicated. Here at Security Forward, we will help you easily understand the importance of physical security and its measures. Keep visiting!
Desiree Macy is the Editorial Director of Security Forward which is frequented by security executives, corporate security officers, and private protection professionals each month. Desiree’s interests revolves around cyber-security, and business continuity.