What Are The Different Commercial Door Lock Types?

Last updated: October 1, 2023


A commercial door lock is a type of lock specifically designed for use in commercial buildings, such as offices, stores, and public spaces. These locks are designed to provide security and control access to commercial spaces, ensuring the safety of occupants and protecting valuable assets. Commercial door locks come in a variety of types, each with its own unique features and benefits. 

Whether it’s a mortise lock, cylindrical lever lock, or an electronic lock, commercial door locks play a crucial role in maintaining the level of security required in commercial settings. With the evolution of technology, smart locks have also become popular, offering keyless entry and advanced security features. Understanding the different commercial door lock types and their functionalities is essential in choosing the right lock to meet the security needs of a commercial property.

Commercial Door Lock Types

Commercial door locks come in various types, each with its own unique features and level of security. The most common types of commercial door locks include mortise locks, cylindrical lever locks, magnetic locks, electronic locks, and panic bars.

Mortise locks are popular in commercial buildings due to their high level of security. They have a sturdy construction and are installed within the door, making them difficult to tamper with.

Cylindrical lever locks are commonly found in commercial spaces and offer easy installation. They have a cylindrical lockset with a lever handle, providing convenience and quick access.

Magnetic locks use a magnetic force to secure the door. They are often used in areas that require a high level of security, like government buildings or financial institutions.

Electronic locks offer keyless entry and can be operated using key cards, codes, or even smartphones. They provide enhanced security and are commonly used in commercial properties with a large number of employees or foot traffic.

Panic bars, also known as crash bars, are emergency exit devices that allow for quick and easy escape in case of emergencies. They are required by building codes in many public buildings.

When choosing a commercial door lock, consider the level of security needed and the specific requirements of the commercial space. By selecting the right lock type, you can ensure the safety and protection of your commercial property.

Mortise Locks

Mortise locks are a popular choice for commercial buildings when it comes to securing doors with a high level of security. These locks have a solid and durable construction, which makes them difficult to tamper with or break into. They are installed within the door itself, increasing their resistance against forced entry. The mechanism of a mortise lock is composed of a lock body, latch, and deadbolt, providing multiple points of protection. This type of lock is known for its reliability and strength, making it ideal for commercial settings where the safety of the property and its occupants is a priority. With their robust design and ability to withstand heavy use, mortise locks are often the go-to choice for businesses seeking a reliable and secure locking solution for their external doors.

Cylindrical Lever Locks

Cylindrical lever locks are a popular choice for commercial buildings due to their durability, ease of installation, and versatility. This type of lock features a cylindrical housing that contains the locking mechanism, making them suitable for both interior and exterior doors. The lever handle allows for quick and effortless operation, ideal for high-traffic areas. Cylindrical lever locks also offer a wide range of security options, including keyless entry, electronic access control, and key override capabilities. With their combination of convenience and reliability, cylindrical lever locks are an excellent choice for commercial spaces seeking an efficient and effective locking solution.

Magnetic Lock

Magnetic locks are a popular choice for commercial door lock systems due to their high level of security and convenience. These locks use an electromagnetic force to secure the door, making them virtually impossible to pick or tamper with. They are commonly used in areas that require a high level of protection, such as government facilities, banks, and research laboratories. Magnetic locks offer several advantages, including quick and easy installation, compatibility with electronic access control systems, and the ability to control access remotely. They are also durable and reliable, making them suitable for heavy-duty use in commercial settings. Additionally, magnetic locks can be integrated with other security measures, such as alarm systems or CCTV cameras, to provide enhanced security and surveillance. Overall, magnetic locks are a reliable and efficient choice for businesses looking to secure their premises and protect against unauthorized access.

Electronic Locks

Electronic locks are a modern and advanced type of commercial door lock that offer enhanced security and convenience. These locks utilize electronic mechanisms, such as keypads or card readers, to grant access to authorized individuals. With electronic locks, businesses can eliminate the need for physical keys and easily manage access control. This technology allows for easy integration with other security systems and offers advanced features, such as audit trails and remote access control. Electronic locks are increasingly popular in commercial buildings, apartments, and other high-traffic areas, offering a keyless entry solution that provides a higher level of security and flexibility.

Panic Bars

Panic bars, also known as push bars or crash bars, are crucial components of commercial building safety. These devices are specifically designed to provide quick and easy exits during emergencies, ensuring the safety of occupants.

One of the primary benefits of panic bars is their ability to facilitate quick egress. In high-traffic areas, such as commercial buildings, panic bars allow people to exit rapidly without the need for manual unlocking or turning door knobs. This can be especially critical during emergencies, where every second counts.

Furthermore, panic bars play a vital role in ensuring compliance with fire safety regulations. In many jurisdictions, building codes require the installation of panic bars on designated emergency exit doors. This helps prevent overcrowding and facilitates orderly evacuations during fire incidents or other emergencies.

However, like any other mechanical device, panic bars require regular maintenance to ensure proper functionality. Regular inspections and maintenance checks are necessary to ensure that the panic bars are in good working condition and can be relied upon in times of need.

In conclusion, panic bars are essential safety components in commercial buildings. Their quick egress capabilities and compliance with fire safety regulations make them indispensable in emergency situations. However, regular maintenance is crucial to keep them in optimal working condition.


In conclusion, the world of commercial door locks is varied and extensive, each offering unique advantages tailored to meet the specific security needs of a commercial setting. From the robust mortise locks to the versatile cylindrical lever locks, the high-security magnetic locks to the advanced electronic locks, and the vital safety feature of panic bars, the range of choices is as diverse as the businesses they serve. 

Each lock type has its own strengths and use cases, making it paramount for business owners and security managers to understand their unique characteristics, functionalities, and applications to choose the most suitable lock. Furthermore, as technology continues to advance, embracing keyless and remote-controlled lock systems could provide additional layers of security and convenience. Thus, understanding these various commercial door lock types is essential in maintaining a safe and secure business environment.

Discover the benefits of using an automatic door locking system in this Security Forward blog.

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